Wednesday, August 29, 2018

Amplification of Dynamic Nuclear Polarization at 200 GHz by Arbitrary Pulse Shaping of the Electron Spin Saturation Profile #DNPNMR

Kaminker, Ilia, and Songi Han. “Amplification of Dynamic Nuclear Polarization at 200 GHz by Arbitrary Pulse Shaping of the Electron Spin Saturation Profile.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 9, no. 11 (June 7, 2018): 3110–15.


Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) takes center stage in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) as a tool to amplify its signal by orders of magnitude through the transfer of polarization from electron to nuclear spins. In contrast to modern NMR and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) that extensively rely on pulses for spin manipulation in the time domain, the current mainstream DNP technology exclusively relies on monochromatic continuous wave (CW) irradiation. This study introduces arbitrary phase shaped pulses that constitute a train of coherent chirp pulses in the time domain at 200 GHz (7 T) to dramatically enhance the saturation bandwidth and DNP performance compared to CW DNP, yielding up to 500-fold in NMR signal enhancements. The observed improvement is attributed to the recruitment of additional electron spins contributing to DNP via the cross-effect mechanism, as experimentally confirmed by two-frequency pump–probe electron–electron double resonance (ELDOR).