Mollica, G., et al., Quantitative Structural Constraints for Organic Powders at Natural Isotopic Abundance Using Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy. Angewandte Chemie, 2015. 127(20): p. 6126-6129.
A straightforward method is reported to quantitatively relate structural constraints based on 13C–13C double-quantum build-up curves obtained by dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) solid-state NMR to the crystal structure of organic powders at natural isotopic abundance. This method relies on the significant gain in NMR sensitivity provided by DNP (approximately 50-fold, lowering the experimental time from a few years to a few days), and is sensitive to the molecular conformation and crystal packing of the studied powder sample (in this case theophylline). This method allows trial crystal structures to be rapidly and effectively discriminated, and paves the way to three-dimensional structure elucidation of powders through combination with powder X-ray diffraction, crystal-structure prediction, and density functional theory computation of NMR chemical shifts.