Panov, M., et al., Coherent Polarization Transfer Effects Are Crucial for Interpreting Low-Field CIDNP Data. Appl. Magn. Reson., 2014. 45(9): p. 893-900.
In this work we demonstrate that low-field chemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization (CIDNP) is strongly affected by re-distribution of polarization, which is formed in the course of spin evolution in transient radical pairs, in diamagnetic reaction products. This phenomenon is of importance when the spins of the reaction product are coupled strongly meaning that spin–spin interactions between them are comparable to the differences in their Zeeman interactions with the external magnetic field. In this case, polarization transfer relies on a coherent mechanism; as a consequence, spins can acquire significant polarization even when they have no hyperfine coupling to the electron spins in the radical pairs, i.e., cannot be polarized directly by CIDNP. This is demonstrated by taking CIDNP of n-butylamine as an example: in this case only the α-CH2 protons are polarized directly, which is confirmed by high-field CIDNP, whereas the β-CH2, γ-CH2 and δ-CH3 protons get polarized only indirectly due to the transfer of polarization from the α-CH2 protons. These results show that low-field CIDNP data should be interpreted with care to discriminate between the effects of spin evolution in transient radical pairs and in diamagnetic reaction products.