Monday, May 14, 2012

Spin filtering neutrons with a proton target dynamically polarized using photo-excited triplet states

Haag, M., et al., Spin filtering neutrons with a proton target dynamically polarized using photo-excited triplet states. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, 2012. 678(0): p. 91-97.


In a test of principle a neutron spin filter has been built, which is based on dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) using photo-excited triplet states. This DNP method has advantages over classical concepts as the requirements for cryogenic equipment and magnets are much relaxed: the spin filter is operated in a field of 0.3 T at a temperature of about 100 K and has performed reliably over periods of several weeks. The neutron beam was also used to analyze the polarization of the target employed as a spin filter. We obtained an independent measurement of the proton spin polarization of ∼ 0.13 in good agreement with the value determined with NMR. Moreover, the neutron beam was used to measure the proton spin polarization as a function of position in the naphthalene sample. The polarization was found to be homogeneous, even at low laser power, in contradiction to existing models describing the photo-excitation process.